Glossary - Carbon Tetrachloride
A clear colourless liquid with a characteristic odour. Denser than water (13.2 lb / gal) and insoluble in water.
- may cause illness by inhalation, skin absorption and/or ingestion
- used as a solvent, in the manufacture of other chemicals, as an agricultural fumigant, and for many other uses
- insoluble in water
- carbon tetrachloride was a commonly used liquid in fire extinguishers to combat small fires
- carbon tetrachloride has no flash point because it is not flammable, however, when heated to decomposition, will emit fumes of extremely toxic phosgene and of hydrogen chloride
- forms explosive mixtures with chlorine trifluoride, calcium hypochlorite, decaborane, dinitrogen tetraoxide, fluorine
- Forms impact-sensitive explosive mixtures with particles of many metals: lithium, sodium, potassium, beryllium, zinc, aluminium, barium. Vigorous exothermic reaction with allyl alcohol, boron trifluoride, diborane, disilane, aluminium chloride, dibenzoyl peroxide, potassium tert-butoxide, liquid oxygen, and zirconium.
- Potentially dangerous reaction with dimethylformamide or dimethylacetamide in presence of iron Health Hazard Dizziness, incoordination, anaesthesia; may be accompanied by nausea and liver damage. Kidney damage also occurs, often producing decrease or stopping of urinary output.