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Glossary - 1-Methoxy-2-Propanol

A colourless liquid with a flash point near 89°F.  Less dense than water.  Contact irritates skin, eyes and mucous membranes.  Prolonged exposure to vapours may cause coughing, shortness of breath, dizziness and intoxication.

Properties:

  • vapours heavier than air
  • used as a solvent and as an antifreeze agent
  • highly flammable. Soluble in water
  • oxidizes readily in air to form unstable peroxides that may explode spontaneously
  • is a methoxy alcohol derivative (the ether being relatively non-reactive)
  • flammable and/or toxic gases are generated by the combination of alcohols with alkali metals, nitrides, and strong reducing agents -- they react with oxoacids and carboxylic acids to form esters plus water
  • oxidizing agents convert them to aldehydes or ketones
  • alcohols exhibit both weak acid and weak base behaviour
  • they may initiate the polymerization of isocyanates and epoxides

Safety notes:

  • VAPOUR: Irritating to eyes, nose, and throat.
  • LIQUID: Irritating to skin and eyes.
  • FLAMMABLE: Flashback along vapour trail may occur. Vapour may explode if ignited in an enclosed area.
   
 

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